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Sketch - Unique Form of Free Hand Drawing

By Murtaza Habib

A Sketch is a free hand drawing made by overlapping lines. It is a fact that with the help of a sketch an artist can develop his mind on various themes and topics.

Sketches are never done for a finished work instead they provide basic ideas for the future use.

Sketching is a very inexpensive way for any artist to express his thoughts and ideas before he gives a final touch up to it. In the field of fashion designing and engineering, sketches are of great use. Sketches have been made by artists for different uses for ages.

Sketch is generally completed using pen, pencil, charcoal, watercolour, etc. while some artists even use soft wax or modelled clay to design sketches.

The art of sketching allows the artist to have total freedom to express his thoughts and feelings as he wants.

Generally artists avoid the use of an eraser while creating sketches. In some cases, they use eraser to remove extra lines or to create smudge effect.

You will find many big personalities worldwide who hire an artist to create their sketches so as to keep those as remembrance.

Sketches are very popular in the cartoon industries to create different kinds of cartoon characters. You can find many newspapers and magazines having special segments of cartoon strips.

Cartoon sketches can be of immense use in a place like a legal court where the cameras are strictly prohibited.

Sketches are often used by the crime branch to identify the actual criminal. You may find many artists at amusement parks or other similar places, who can create brilliant sketches on the spot.

In recent time, with the help of devices like photographic enlargers, it has become very easy to reproduce the photographs. There are many schools and institutes that give lessons on how to create a sketch.

Similarly there are also tons of books available in the market that gives useful information about sketching.

Learn from today's expert how to paint and draw step by step with the help of pictures on your core subject whether it is oil, watercolor, acrylic, fabric painting, pencil, cartoon drawing, or digital art.

Explore your creativity with these 1750 tutorials - Painting and Drawing lessons


Visualize the Future With Architectural Rendering

Architectural rendering refers to creating a two dimensional or three dimensional image of a structure showing its different attributes. Traditionally architects used hand-drawn sketches, pen and ink drawings, and watercolor renderings to represent their designs. Commercial demand for hand-drawn rendering has declined as computer generated renderings lead architectural rendering into an exciting future.

Computer aided 3D Architectural Renderings, use complex 3D modeling and rendering software to create life-like images known as PhotoReal rendering. Normally done for presentation, marketing and design analysis purposes, architectural 3D models are set to the right proportion, scale and even use real life textures, materials, color and finishes.

The ability of being able to visualize a structure in 2D and 3D provides many futuristic advantages in architectural design. The client can ensure that the architect has comprehensively understood his specifications and the ultimate structure will, if not entirely but closely, resemble his mental picture of the building. Also, architectural rendering better explains different aspects of the building to all involved in the construction process. Real estate companies can show prospective buyers a view of their building on the plot once it has been built. Architects can present photorealistic views of building interiors, complete with furnishing and interior decoration. Builders can advertise views of proposed buildings through hoardings or brochures.

Architectural 3D Rendering can be outsourced easily. Indian animation companies have the expertise and the qualifications to develop complex architectural views, (manual rendering, 2D and 3D views) with the highest aesthetic sensibility and impeccable attention to detail.

Using “architectural Rendering” Service

Architectural rendering consists of visual presentation of schemes or presentation of a design for a wide variety of purposes such as landscape projects, buildings, urban planning etc. Ever since computer generated rendering service has existed, there has been less commercial demand for hand-drawn rendering service. Architectural rendering service is in great demand due to the application of computer graphic and the virtual image concept. For example: a 3D photoreal renderings play an important role in realestate sales. It helps in taking design related decisions well before the building is actually built.

Architectural rendering is very essential in today’s architectural marketplace. Through today’s computer technology, architects and clients both get an opportunity to see the built view of a work that is in progress. Today’s architectural rendering service can produce a wide variety of visual output formats before it is actually built. It can show exteriors and interiors of the proposed building with appropriate lighting figuring and full color. A computer generated architectural renderings consists of complex 3d modeling and rendering software that are used to create life like images with covering view points relating to lighting materials and camera view. All this is usually done for presentation, marketing and design analysis purposes. Now, if you want to use the computer architectural rendering service, all you have to do is just submit the required information in electronic design format along with your proposed budget. Within about a week, you will get various best possible designs to choose for yourself. Hence, it is important to know that computer based architectural rendering technology has eliminated the time consuming manual processes of making drawings.

Architectural rendering service is highly realistic in nature. It gives a full visual detail of the construction plan and gives a true replica of what it would really look like when it is completed. Since 3D renderings are realistic, they are therefore very convincing. Also, suppose a planning officer ask you to make revisions to the scheme, it can be done easily. A 3D computer architectural rendering gives a chance to view a particular construction from different point of view. This cannot happen in the case of a 2D rendering service which has just one form of a static image to be viewed. In a 3D computer architectural rendering, a fly-around animation effect can be provided for a better understanding of the entire view of the construction project.

Computer architectural renderings can be considered as a highly valuable selling concept. One can accurately predict how exactly a product or any structure will look even much before starting the actual construction work. One can opt for “architectural rendering” as a career. It is challenging specially for those who enjoy working with architects and other design professional, who have great passion for understanding design and building process. These are the people who recognize the value of high quality design and they know exactly how to apply the right visual aspect by using the computer architectural rendering service. A 3D architectural rendering creates confidence in a new development and gives buyers an assurance of being successful in achieving their goal. The overall produced quality of the designs created with the help of the computer architectural rendering is highly valuable in nature and it is cost effective. Thus, one can focus on more critical design processes.

Pencil Portrait Drawing Tips on the Hands

Drawing hands takes much practice. Hands are typically quite complex with many smooth transitions between darks and lights. Shapes overlap and need to be studied very carefully to yield acceptable realism. There are also lots of edges, crevices, and creases.

It is imperative that you do not ignore the many angles that are present in the hands. Hands are much more angular than our ingrained memorized image would suggest. Therefore, it is very easy to make the mistake of portraying the hands too chubby and rounded which leads to an unnaturally rounded.

Here are a few pointers that will give you the basic memory pack for drawing hands. When I say “memory pack”, I mean a set of memorized issues about drawing hands that should be in the foreground of your thinking whenever you draw hands. This is a facility you should develop with each feature of a portrait such as eyes, ears, etc.

* Simplify - Generally, any kind of photographic subject will have so much detail that it becomes necessary to simplify, i.e., leaving out much detail. Of course, you must develop a facility to leave out the right details and keep the important ones. This is where your artistic sensibilities play a major role. Making the right choices makes all the difference.

It is a good exercise to look at pictures in magazines and practice the simplification process. Ask yourself the question: What can I eliminate in this picture while still retaining the essence of the subject? In fact, as you get more experienced you may ask yourself the question: What should I add to obtain an even more convincing rendition of the essence of the person I am portraying?

The same is true with drawing hands. The hands have usually so much detail in them that you must discard the unimportant details. At first, keep your eye on the major shapes, the so-called large masses. You do not want to miss those.

Remember, at this stage, try not to think too much of how a hand is supposed to look like, just draw the shapes as they are.

* Males and Females - There are many differences between male hands and female hands. On average, male hands are larger and squarer. For example, the fingers are less tapered and thicker than those of the female. The female hand is slender and the finger tips are much more tapered compared to the male fingers. The fact that females (generally!) do not have hairy hands adds to the lightness in color.

* Values - First, avoid outlining the hands at all cost. Let the edges be formed by applying the correct contrast in values. Study the hand very carefully. Note where one finger overlaps another and be sure to include all the cast shadows.

Also, it is very important to render the reflected light on each finger because that is what will give the finger its roundness and three-dimensional look.

* Angles and Planes - Hands are surprisingly angular, not as much rounded as we sometimes think they are. The joints and knuckles have various planes to them which need to be carefully rendered.

* Blending - Keep the blending of the hands very smooth. Blend the darks into the surface they belong to. This way there is no confusion as to which surface the dark line belongs to. Again, do not forget the reflected light between the fingers. This will create the illusion of roundness of the fingers.

The hands can be used to enhance the visual impact of your pencil portrait drawing. For example, the addition of hands to a baby picture makes the whole thing much more endearing. Therefore, adding hands to a portrait is always something to consider. With this, I think you can have a good start at drawing hands. And remember, practice, practice, and practice some more. Drawing is a hands-on art, so to speak.


No architect troubled to design houses that suited people who were to live in them, because that would have meant building a whole range of different houses. It was far cheaper and, above all, timesaving to make them identical.
Michael Ende

Not many architects have the luxury to reject significant things.
Rem Koolhaas

Nothing requires the architect's care more than the due proportions of buildings.
Marcus V. Pollio

Proportions are what makes the old Greek temples classic in their beauty. They are like huge blocks, from which the air has been literally hewn out between the columns.
Arne Jacobsen

Rome has not seen a modern building in more than half a century. It is a city frozen in time.
Richard Meier

Space has always been the spiritual dimension of architecture. It is not the physical statement of the structure so much as what it contains that moves us.
Arthur Erickson

The bungalow had more to do with how Americans live today than any other building that has gone remotely by the name of architecture in our history.
Russell Lynes

The dialogue between client and architect is about as intimate as any conversation you can have, because when you're talking about building a house, you're talking about dreams.
Robert A. M. Stern

The frightening thought that what you draw may become a building makes for reasoned lines.
Saul Steinberg

The higher the building the lower the morals.
Noel Coward

The interior of the house personifies the private world; the exterior of it is part of the outside world.
Stephen Gardiner

The loftier the building, the deeper must the foundation be laid.
Thomas Kempis

The Romans were not inventors of the supporting arch, but its extended use in vaults and intersecting barrel shapes and domes is theirs.
Harry Seidler

The work of art shows people new directions and thinks of the future. The house thinks of the present.
Adolf Loos

Those who look for the laws of Nature as a support for their new works collaborate with the creator.
Antonio Gaudi


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