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Architecture 3D Design   |   Architectural And Design

Understanding the Architectural Design Process for Your Church: Designing in Phases

By Jeffrey L Thomas

The architectural design process normally consists of four major phases:

(1) Master Planning,
(2) Conceptual Design,
(3) Design Development, and
(4) Construction Plans.

In a previous article, we discussed the Master Planning process, so we will concentrate on the other three phases now.

Conceptual Design Phase

The architect will develop one or more Conceptual Designs, usually consisting of a site plan, a floor plan, and exterior elevations, that address the needs of the church as identified in the Feasibility Study and Master Planning phases. The Conceptual Plans are drawn to scale but will not include design details. The church may want to limit the Conceptual Plans to the first phase of construction, or it may want to include plans for future construction. In the case of a church with a balcony, for example, the architect could design only the main floor of the building and indicate the upper level only as "unfinished future balcony". However, for many important reasons, the church may want the balcony completely designed even if the construction will be completed later. Another option would be to prepare conceptual plans for the balcony, but not to develop the balcony detail in subsequent design phases. The point is that the architect needs to know what the church wants drawn, and for what purpose.

The purpose of the Conceptual Plans is to offer the church a few design options to consider that will meet their needs and construction budget. From these Conceptual Plans the church can select one design to proceed with in the Design Development stage that follows.

Design Development Phase

Once the church has selected a Conceptual Design for development, the architect begins Design Development of that concept. The plans generated in the Design Development phase will include the site, foundation, floor plans, elevations, wall sections, building sections, framing, finish schedules, door/hardware schedules, suspended ceiling layout, plumbing, heating and air conditioning, and electrical/lighting plans. The plans may run 20-30 sheets of drawings.

If the owner has selected a builder, these plans offer enough information for the bidding process to begin for major trades on the project. Often the plans will include only performance specifications that encourage bidders to offer design and product proposals for their particular trade. Specifications from these proposals can later be included in the final drawings, thus incorporating these cost-effective designs and materials. If the project is to be competitively bid by several builders, then the plans should be competed before bidding begins. If the owner has contracted separately for civil engineering of the site, it is best if this is completed by the time Design Development plans are complete so that the site work can also be bid.

By getting bids at the end of the Design Development stage, the church will know if the project will be within their budget before proceeding with final construction plans.

Construction Plan Phase

After the church is satisfied that the plans created in the Design Development phase will meet its needs and budget, the architect can proceed with the Construction Plan phase of design. In this final stage, the architect will make any final modifications to the design and add final details and specifications. Some of these specifications may include final selections of finish materials, equipment brands, and construction methods. These specifications can be included on the plans or printed in a separate specification manual.

Any requirements of subcontractors regarding, for instance, the sound and lighting system, acoustical treatments, or landscaping can be included in the final drawings. Also, final dimensions, framing and finish details are added. The plans are completed for final bidding, permits and construction.

All church plans must be stamped by an architect registered in the state where the project is located. The site plans, especially the drainage plans, may need to be stamped by a professional engineer. These plans are then submitted to the state and local building permit authorities for review and permits. Any modifications required by these authorities are made to the plans prior to construction. The architect normally files all paperwork for the state permits and the builder obtains the local building permits.

Architectural Design - Building Your Dream Home

By Ian M MacDonald

Architectural design is a very specific discipline. There are many companies that specialise in creating home designs and plans for building new homes, but not all of them are going to necessarily meet your the needs. You need to realise that you are the creator of your own home building destiny. You have to find the designers that you like best based on the sample designs that they have. While price does matter to a degree, it shouldn't be the only factor that affects your final decision. Instead, you should focus on choosing quality design first and then narrow down your options based on the budget that you have.

Architectural design is very open and varied no matter where you look. Every designer has their own style and is able to work with you to create the best home that you could possibly imagine. When you build a home, you want to make sure that it's exactly what you want. Buying an existing home allows you to make certain concessions and compromises because it's already built and you can always renovate it later. However, when you are starting from scratch, you need to make sure that you get the home of your dreams because it's what you deserve. Good designers will understand this and will work with you to determine what is best for your needs.

Architectural design affords you the chance to see a variety of different styles of homes by designers from all over the region where you live. New Zealand has many great home designers that you can work with, so it's really just a matter of taking the time to look and find the home designer that you want to work with. Think about your favourite styles, how big of a home you want, and the budget that you have to work with. Using a combination of these elements, you can come up with the right designer and the perfect home design for your new home.

Professional architectural design needs to be a part of your plans for building your dream home. You need to make sure that you choose the most qualified and experienced designer that you can afford. In total, you really just need to take the time to process your options, figure out what you want and need, and then make the decisions that best suit you and your new home.

How Architectural Draftsmen Help in the Architecture Drawings Process

By Richard M Bothom

Architectural Drafters find huge demand in today's ever growing construction industry and are employed acrossed different verticals such as building construction, product design, urban development and non-building business.

Architectural Draftsmen, also termed as Architectural Drafters, analyze the design sketches and concepts provided by architects and convert them into detailed, dimensionally accurate and measured architectural drawings. They apply their insight of architecture design, construction materials and building codes to generate plans for buildings that are structurally stable. These drawings are then used as guides in construction.

Most drafters today create architectural drawings through Computer Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) software. Some Architectural Draftsmen have a specialization in the areas of residential buildings, industrial plans, commercial buildings or structures using particular standards, codes and material.

Typical duties of an architectural drafter:

Produce architectural and working drawings showing plans, elevations, sections, materials, finishes and other features such as landscaping, interior and exterior, layouts, drainage, car parking and plumbing
Investigate architects' or other designs, and prepare primary sketches, scribbles and detailed instructions
Use CADD software or manually produce designs, detailed drawings and documentation
Prepare working drawings showing plans, elevations, sections, materials and finishes, as well as other aspects such as layouts, plumbing, drainage, car parking and landscaping
Estimate the quantity and quality of materials required, material and labor costs and project schedule dates
Clarify client briefs and develop sketch plans for client approval
Help prepare building plan specifications to suit individual customers
Represent or help architects on building sites to ensure that plans and specifications are strictly adhered
Negotiate with regional/local government authorities
Evaluate relevant codes and by-laws in the course of executing project documentation

Deep insight structure design and analysis along with an eye for accuracy are key components of becoming an Architectural Draftsman. Architectural Drafters use computer aided design (CAD) software tools such as ArchiCAD, AutoCAD, 3D Max and Microstation to draw technical and working drawings for buildings.

Must have skills of an architectural draftsmen:

Able to visualize ideas in three-dimensional (3-D) form
Enjoy technical drawing and working with computers
Inclination towards building technology
Precision, neatness and patience in drawing work
Logical analyst
A beat of artistic talent in freehand drawing

Architectural Designers - How to Choose the Right One

By Ian M MacDonald

When hiring architectural designers there are a lot of different elements that you have to think about. With so many different professionals out there to choose from it can seem nearly impossible to find the best ones. However, if you take the time to explore your options and know what you are looking for it can be easy to find the architectural designers that suit your needs. Here are some things to keep in mind to help you make the best decision for your needs.

- Never choose the first designer that you find without doing a little research. Even if they are the best designers in the country, you need to find that out for yourself. It helps to know what you are getting into when it comes to design.

- Think about your budget and how much you want to spend on a designer. While this shouldn't be a primary concern in your decision, it is going to be an element to consider. You have to find a designer that is good at what they do and that you can afford.

- Make sure that you look at previous work. Check out the style of work that they have done and be sure that it suits your desires. If you find a great designer, it doesn't matter much unless they have the same style that you are searching for.

- Look at designers that are in your area. While a great designer from another area might seem like a great idea, having someone close by might prove to be a better experience. This is up to you, but it's definitely something to consider.

Architectural designers come in all shapes and sizes. By taking the time to check out all of the different designers that are available, you will be better able to see what your options are and find the ideal person for the job.

Remember to look at reputation, costs, design styles, and all of the different elements involved in your search so that you can get the most from your search. It isn't difficult, as long as you know what you're looking for. These tips should help you get the most out of your decision when you're shopping for an architectural designer to build or design your next home. By taking the time to explore your options, it's easier to get exactly what you need when you are searching for someone to design your home.


Architectural And Design

At moments of great enthusiasm it seems to me that no one in the world has ever made something this beautiful and important.
 M.C. Escher

I am essentially a painter of the kind of still life composition that communicates a sense of tranquillity and privacy, moods which I have always valued above all else.
 Giorgio Morandi

A sincere artist is not one who makes a faithful attempt to put on to canvas what is in front of him, but one who tries to create something which is, in itself, a living thing.
 William Dobell

The holy grail is to spend less time making the picture than it takes people to look at it.

To become truly immortal, a work of art must escape all human limits: logic and common sense will only interfere. But once these barriers are broken, it will enter the realms of childhood visions and dreams.
 Giorgio de Chirico

Our society is run by insane people for insane objectives. I think we're being run by maniacs for maniacal ends and I think I'm liable to be put away as insane for expressing that. That's what's insane about it.
 John Lennon

The music that really turns me on is either running toward God or away from God. Both recognize the pivot, that God is at the center of the jaunt.

There's no retirement for an artist, it's your way of living so there's no end to it.
 Henry Moore

You come to nature with all her theories, and she knocks them all flat.

Iím not an abstractionist. Iím not interested in the relationship of color or form or anything else. Iím interested only in expressing basic human emotions: tragedy, ecstasy, doom, and so on.
 Mark Rothko

Painting is so poetic, while sculpture is more logical and scientific and makes you worry about gravity.
 Damien Hirst

Reason is powerless in the expression of Love.

The true work of art is but a shadow of the divine perfection.

Believe it or not, I can actually draw.
 Jean Michel Basquiat

Man can't do without God. Just like you're thirsty, you have to drink water. You just can't go without God.
 Bob Marley

O great creator of being grant us one more hour to perform our art and perfect our lives.
 Jim Morrison

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